Thursday, August 27, 2009

Books that changed the world forever

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These are the books that changed the world forever, some how every one in this world read any one of the this book in their life time.

In order of creation, here is the list of top 10 books that changed the world.

1. The Bible (circa 30AD – 90AD) - The book that defines Christianity, billions of people have lived their lives according to its text. Christians have gone into battle to defend what the book stands for.

2. The Qur'an / Koran /Al-Qur'an (650AD to 656AD) - The book that defines Islam, billions of people have lived their lives according to its text. Muslims have gone into battle to defend what the book stands for.

3. Magna Carta (1215) - Written in Latin, the Magna Carta is quite simply one of the key moments in the history of democracy. Among other things, the charter established habeas corpus meaning that citizens can't be thrown in jail at the drop of a hat. Much of its content comes from the Charter of Liberties issued by Henry I in 1100.

4. Divine Comedy by Dante (circa 1310) - this book established a language, Italian, out of a series of regional dialects and describes a journey through Hell, Purgatory and Paradise. To the Italians, Dante is 'the Supreme Poet' (il Sommo Poeta).

5. PhilosophiƦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton (1687) - the book describes gravity and the laws of motion for the first time. It is the basis for modern engineering. A true landmark in science

6. The Communist Manifesto (1848), co-authored with Friedrich Engels, was published in 1848. Commissioned by the Communist League, the manifesto urged the working classes to overthrow its rulers and establish a classless society without private property. The Russian Revolution turned his theory into reality and the world was never the same again.

7. Experimental Research in Electricity – Michael Faraday (1855), Faraday was an English chemist and physicist whose many experiments with electricity ultimately lead to his invention of electromagnetic rotary devices which formed the foundation of electric motor technology. Although he received little formal education and thus higher mathematics like calculus were always out of his reach, he went on to become one of the most influential scientists in history. It was largely his experiments that lead to electricity becoming viable for use in technology.

8. On the Origin of Species – Charles Darwin (1859), perhaps the greatest science book of all time as it established the principle of evolutionary biology. The book is readable even for the non-specialist and attracted widespread interest on publication. The book was controversial, and generated much discussion on scientific, philosophical, and religious grounds. The scientific theory of evolution has itself evolved since Darwin first presented it, but natural selection remains the most widely accepted scientific model of how species evolve. The at-times bitter creation-evolution controversy continues to this day.

9. Das Kapital, published in 1867, is critique of capitalism and how it exploits the workers. If the Communist Manifesto urges action then Das Kapital explains why change is required. Would Douglas Coupland have popularized the term 'McJob' in his 1991 novel, Generation X, without Marx and his work so long ago.

10. Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler (Vol-1 1925 & vol-2 1926) - This infamous book is essentially an autobiography that also outlines the National Socialist political ideology. Hitler changed the world, not his book, but Mein Kampf was a tool of the Nazi political machine.

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